Logistic Regression in Machine Learning
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Logistic Regression is one of popular Machine Algorithm which is used for predicting dependent variable using set of independent variables. This will perform well for all wide range of problems. In this blog, we will learn about types of Logistic regression models and what is sigmoid function along with logistic regression example.Do you want to know Assumptions for Logistic Regression, So follow the below mentioned logistic regression in machine learning with examples from Prwatech and take advanced Data Science training with Machine Learning like a pro from today itself under 10+ Years of hands-on experienced Professionals.
Logistic Regression Introduction
Logistic regression is the type of regression predictive analysis which associates a functional bonding between categorical dependent variable and independent variable or variables on basis of estimation of probabilities. i.e. the dependent variable will be a categorical data.
Some common examples of classification problems are
Will it rain or won’t.
Online transactions are Fraud or not Fraud.
Is movie good or not.
Logistic regression the output is transformed using the logistic sigmoid function to return a probability value.
Types of Logistic Regression Models
Binary Logistics Regression
Multi-Linear Logistic Regression
Binary Logistic Regression
Here the Dependent column with have only two values i.e. true or false, 0 or 1.
Ex) In Titanic Ship Accident passenger survived or not survived
Multi Linear Logistic Regression
Here the Dependent variable column will contain more than two values but in the repeated format.
Ex) The Outlook can be sunny, cloudy or overcast
|Temperature (in ̊ C)||Humidity||Wind speed||Outlook|
Logistic Regression uses Sigmoid function also known as logistic function for its calculation. The hypothesis of logistic regression makes to limit the cost function between the limit 0 and 1.
As a result, linear functions fail to represent it as it can have a value more than 1 or less than 0 and it is impossible as per the hypothesis of logistic regression.
What is Sigmoid Function?
For mapping predicted values to probabilities, we implement Sigmoid function. The function maps any real value into another value between 0 and 1. In machine learning, we use sigmoid to map predictions to probabilities.
Assumptions for Logistic Regression
Data is free from missing values
The Predicted variable must be categorical variable with order values.
All the predictors are independent of each other
There are at least 50 observations per predictor variable to ensure reliable results.
Logistic Regression Example
While applying logistic regression analysis on dataset we have to follow the steps:
Import all the Libraries:
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd
from sklearn import metrics
Import the dataset
data = pd.read_csv(“Your file path”)
Divided the dataset into dependent and independent
Checking of missing values.
Divide the dataset for training an testing
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split
from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, Y, test_size=0.3, random_state=0)
Implement the logistic model
reg = LogisticRegression()
Determine predicted value of dependent variable.
y_pred = reg.predict(X_test)
from sklearn import datasets, linear_model, metrics
print(“Logistic Regression model accuracy(in %):”,
Logistic Regression model accuracy (in%): 78.35
(Note : Result for different data set can be different.)
We hope you understand logistic regression in machine learning concepts and types of logistic regression models.Get success in your career as a Data Scientist by being a part of the Prwatech, India’s leading Data Science training institute in Bangalore.